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China Dominates Global Hydropower Generation

  • China produced 1,303 terawatt hours of hydropower in 2022, accounting for 31% of global hydropower.
  • Norway has the highest share of hydropower in its electricity mix, at 87.5%.
  • India is the sixth-largest hydropower producer worldwide, generating approximately 175 TWh in 2022, which accounted for 9.4% of the country's electricity production.

China is the world’s biggest hydro power producer, having generated an estimated 1,303 terawatt hours of hydropower in 2022, according to data published by Ember, a UK-based energy think tank.

As Statista's Anna Fleck shows in the chart below, this equates to approximately 31 percent of global hydropower that year.

Following some way behind comes Brazil (427 TWh), Canada (398 TWh), the United States (249 TWh) and Russia (198 TWh).When looking at hydropower’s share of total electricity production for each of these countries, then Norway comes first with a high 87.5 percent of its electricity energy mix having been accounted for by hydropower in 2022. Only Paraguay comes higher in terms of share of total electricity production, at 99.7 percent. If this chart were extended, it would feature in rank 15.

You will find more infographics at Statista

As this chart shows, India was the sixth biggest hydropower worldwide in 2022 with approximately 175 TWh of hydropower generated that year, which accounted for 9.4 percent of the country’s electricity production.

According to Ember, fossil fuels accounted for more than three quarters (77 percent) of India’s electricity production in 2022.

This was mostly from coal (74 percent), followed by gas (2.7 percent). India’s emissions are driven by this dependence on fossil fuels as well as its large population, although per capita emissions are low.

The country has set a target of increasing the share of non-fossil fuel sources in its electricity generation capacity to 50 percent by 2030.

By Zerohedge.com


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  • Mamdouh Salameh on April 17 2024 said:
    Is there any field in which China doesn't dominate? To amplify my statement I will list some of the major fields.

    1- Its economy is the world's largest accounting for 33.3% of global GDP based on purchasing power parity (PPP). It is 25% bigger than the United States' also based on PPP.

    2- It is the largest importer of crude oil importing an average of almost 12.0 million barrels a day (mbd) accounting for 16.2% of global oil trade.

    3- The largest investor in renewable energy.

    4- The largest producer and consumer of EVs.

    5- The largest hydropower generator accounting for 31% of world generation.

    6- It is the world's largest exporter exporting $3.38 trillion in 2023 compared with $3.05 for the United States.

    7- In 2023 China's GDP growth at 5.3% was the highest among major economies with the exception of India's compared with 2% for the US and 0.6% for the EU.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert
  • James Taylor on April 17 2024 said:
    Why in the article on hydro power globally, you provide all the details on India’s fossil fuel usage for power and NOTHING on China’s fossil fuel usage for power. Clearly the article puts China in a great light and India in the worst light. Are you beholden to China?

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