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Charles Kennedy

Charles Kennedy

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Russia Displaces Saudi Arabian Oil In India

  • Russia's market share in India is growing at the expense of Saudi Arabia.
  • Russian crude sells at a major discount to Saudi crude grades.
  • Bloomberg: Russian oil sold for $19 less per barrel than Saudi crude in May, which narrowed in June to $13 per barrel.

Russia’s share of the Indian oil market is growing at the expense of Saudi imports, Bloomberg has reported, noting Russian oil has been selling at a sizeable discount to Saudi crude.

Russia became the second-biggest oil supplier to India in June, after Iraq, which remained the biggest oil supplier to the subcontinent.

India and China became key markets for Russian oil after the Ukraine invasion as Europe began to wind down its purchases. The EU plans to suspend almost all imports of Russian crude and fuels by the end of the year, when an embargo will come into effect.

China and India, however, have only been too happy to absorb some of the crude that Europe is shunning, with both Asian giants dependent on imports for their energy consumption. As of July, the two accounted for 55 percent of Russian seaborne oil exports.

The change in oil sourcing has been particularly marked in India, which relies on imported crude for some 85 percent of its consumption. Last year, Russia was far from the top suppliers of the subcontinent: it ranked ninth. Now, thanks to the cheaper Russian crude, things look very different.

“Indian refiners are going to try and get their hands on the cheapest crude possible that works with their refinery and product configurations,” Bloomberg quoted oil market analyst Vandana Hari as saying.

In May, according to Bloomberg calculations, Russian oil sold for $19 less per barrel than Saudi crude, which narrowed in June to $13 per barrel.

“Russian crude fits that bill for now. The Saudis and Iraqis are not entirely losing out because they are directing more supply to Europe,” Hari added.

Indeed, Middle East oil producers were the natural alternative for European buyers, along with U.S, producers, as the buyers sought to replace Russian crude.

By Charles Kennedy for Oilprice.com

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  • Mamdouh Salameh on August 05 2022 said:
    Growing imports of Russian crude oil by both India and China have enabled Russia to replace Saudi Arabia as the second-biggest oil supplier to India and the number one supplier to China.

    Moreover, India’s purchases of Russian crude are finding their way to the EU and even the United States as petroleum products refined in India and sold around the world.

    Western sanctions are hardly impeding Russian exports of crude and petroleum products whilst forcing both the US and the EU to pay crippling energy import bills.

    In fact, Russia is managing to sell every single barrel of crude and petroleum products it exports albeit with discounts which it can easily afford.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert

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