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Eurasianet is an independent news organization that covers news from and about the South Caucasus and Central Asia, providing on-the-ground reporting and critical perspectives on…

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Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan Sidestep Russia With New Trade Partnership

  • The new logistics company will aim to simplify cargo handling and streamline tariffs on the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route, reducing the delivery times from 53 to 10-15 days.
  • The volume of goods transported on this route has increased by 64% since last year, though further investments in infrastructure are needed to maintain this growth rate.
  • The Kazakh Prime Minister, Alikhan Smailov, also signed bilateral agreements with Azerbaijan and Georgia to increase connectivity and trade, including increasing flight frequencies and capacity at the Batumi oil terminal.
Kazakhstan trade

Kazakhstan has in a fresh effort to ease bottlenecks in a transportation corridor bypassing Russia reached an understanding with Azerbaijan and Georgia to set up a jointly run and owned logistics company. 

The agreement was signed last week at the culmination of a trip to the South Caucasus nations by Kazakh Prime Minister Alikhan Smailov.

The goal behind establishing the company will be to simplify the process of handling cargo transportation between China and Europe and to streamline the tariff process. 

Pessimistic analyses on the prospects of the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route, or the Middle Corridor, as it is also known, often cite the fact that cargo is required to cross multiple national borders. The Azerbaijani-Georgian-Kazakh logistics company is envisioned as a way of overcoming that hurdle. 

Considerable progress has been made on easing the passage of goods already. 

Kazakhstan’s Industry and Infrastructure Development Ministry has reported that delivery times for goods being carried from China to Europe across the trans-Caspian route have decreased over the past year from 53 days to just 18-23 days. The goal is to bring that down even further, to 10-15 days. 

While the physical volume of goods is relatively modest, the trend is positive. The amount of cargo traffic by weight carried along the route from the beginning of the year through to June exceeded 1 million tons, an increase of 64 percent compared to the same period last year.

But while delivery times can be brought down through efficient coordination, volumes cannot be increased without investment in new infrastructure. Related: Oil Industry Leaders Remain Confident About Long-Term Demand

As Gaidar Abdikerimov, the secretary-general of the association of the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route, has explained to Eurasianet, the bottleneck most plaguing the Caspian’s transit potential is the South Caucasus. Underdeveloped port infrastructure limits capacity and causes congestion, he has said.

Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili acknowledged this problem during his meeting with Smailov.

“We are cooperating to eliminate bottlenecks on the route and make the Middle Corridor even more attractive for the countries of Central Asia, China and other Asian countries in general,” Garibashvili said.

He also said that the Georgian authorities are working on the modernization of the railway network and the construction of a new port.

Smailov’s tour produced much other business in connectivity besides. One of the 10 bilateral agreements he signed with Azerbaijan will see the number of permitted flights between the two countries rise from a maximum of 32 per week to 42.

Astana says its goal is to ramp up exports to Azerbaijan so as to reach $1 billion in bilateral trade, up from the $500 million recorded in 2022.


Among the agreements concluded in Georgia was one on increasing capacity at the Batumi oil terminal, which belongs to Kazakhstan and provides Kazakh oil with an outlet to the Black Sea market. This corridor is seen as a particularly important component of Kazakhstan’s strategy to reduce its reliance on Russian territory for export of its oil.

By Eurasianet.org

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  • Mamdouh Salameh on July 01 2023 said:
    Central Asian countries can reach understandings and agreements as they wish. But in the final analysis they know that Russia is the master of Central Asia.

    It provides them with markets, outlets for their oil and gas exports, employment opportunities for hundreds of thousands of their people, investments and security.

    Western attempts to displace Russia out of Central Asia are doomed to fail miserably. Central Asia will remain part of Russia’s sphere of influence well into the future.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert

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