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Egypt Seals Historic $35 Billion Development Deal with UAE

  • The deal, the largest foreign direct investment in Egypt's urban development, includes $15 billion upfront and another $20 billion within two months.
  • Egypt retains a 35% share of project profits, but critics argue that such valuable coastal land should be developed by local investors.
  • The investment aims to alleviate Egypt's economic crisis, stabilize currency rates, and create jobs, while also influencing the parallel market exchange rate.
Cairo

Via Middle East Eye

Egypt has agreed to a $35 billion deal with the United Arab Emirates to develop the town of Ras el-Hekma town on its northwestern coast, Egyptian Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly announced on Friday after weeks of speculations. Madbouly said at a news conference, which was attended by Egyptian and Emirati officials, that Egypt will receive an advance amount of $15bn in the coming week, and another $20bn within two months. 

The deal is the largest foreign direct investment in an urban development project in the country's modern history, the prime minister said. It is a partnership between the Egyptian government and an Emirati consortium led by ADQ, he said. News about the sale has triggered condemnation by critics of the government, who said the land is one of Egypt's most valuable coastal locations and that it should be developed by local investors. 

 

But Madbouly said that the Egyptian state will have a 35 percent share of the profits from this project, although it is a private investment with the majority of shares held by the UAE consortium.

He said that the area of ??the Ras el-Hekma project is 170 million square meters, and will include residential neighborhoods, tourist resorts, schools, universities, an industrial zone, a central financial and business district, an international marina for tourist yachts, and an international airport south of the city.

Madbouly said that the deal will include $11bn already deposited by the UAE in the Central Bank, an amount that will be converted into a grant.

Concerning the fate of the residents of the Ras el-Hekma area, Madbouly said they would be relocated to other areas and would be provided financial compensation. He added that the project will alleviate the country's economic crisis.

Commenting on the deal, Egyptian business tycoon Naguib Sawiris said it will contribute to resolving the current crisis by "attracting foreign currency, creating jobs and stabilizing the exchange rate."

Following the announcement of Ras el-Hekma deal, the price of the US dollar in parallel markets dropped by 5 Egyptian pounds, reaching 57, compared to 62 on Thursday, according to Cairo24 website.

Egypt is currently in talks with the International Monetary Fund for a bailout deal that is expected to exceed $10bn. It is expected to be followed by currency devaluation to match black market rates - nearly double the official rate of 31 Egyptian pounds to the US dollar.

Madbouly on Friday said that Cairo is now "very, very few steps away" from reaching a deal with the IMF, following the Ras el-Hekma investments. 

Egypt, home to more than 109 million people, is grappling with a severe economic crisis, with record inflation and foreign currency shortages. In August, annual inflation in Egypt reached close to 40 percent, according to official figures, plunging many Egyptians near or under the poverty line.

More than half the population had already been below or close to the poverty line before the current crisis.  Foreign debt has quadrupled, reaching $164bn, over President Abdelfattah el-Sisi's almost 10-year presidency. Debt servicing is currently consuming most of the state's annual expenditures.

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Egypt's total foreign currency reserves are $35bn. According to the Egyptian Central Bank, the ratio of short-term debts to foreign currency reserves in 2022 passed 80 percent, double that of 2021.

By Zerohedge.com

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