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China Continues To Boost Gold Reserves

China, the world’s second-largest economy, increased its gold reserves in March for a fifth month in a row, as central banks globally continue to pile up reserves of gold in the face of high inflation and heightened geopolitical risks.

The People’s Bank of China boosted its gold reserves by around 18 tons last month, per data from the central bank cited by Bloomberg.

The officially reported Chinese reserves of gold now stand at 2,068 tons, having increased in each of the past five months.  

That’s the longest period in which China has been consistently buying gold for months since a ten-month period that ended in September 2019.

Central banks globally have been buying gold for months, with reported global gold reserves rising by 52 tons during February – the eleventh consecutive month of net purchases – following the 74 tons central banks added in January, according to data from the World Gold Council.

In the first two months of 2023, central banks reported net purchases of 125 tons, which was the strongest start to a year back to at least 2010 – when central banks became net buyers on an annual basis, the council said this week.

The largest single purchase in February was reported by the People’s Bank of China, which added 25 tons of gold in that month. Turkey, Uzbekistan, Singapore, and India also added gold reserves in February.

This week, gold prices were on track for a weekly gain as weaker U.S. economic data weighed on economic sentiment. Spot gold prices jumped to above the $2,000 per ounce mark this week, following the surge in oil prices after the OPEC+ group announced an additional cut of 1.66 million barrels per day (bpd) between May and December 2023.

“Ahead of the nonfarm payroll report, gold got hit by profit-taking as too much of the trading world was closing up shop for the long weekend. This was a one-way gold move and bullion traders didn’t want to be caught on the wrong side of this trade when the markets reopen next week,” Ed Moya, Senior Market Analyst, The Americas at OANDA, said on Thursday.

“The bull case remains for gold, but traders need to see how the market reset next week.”

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By Tsvetana Paraskova

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  • Mamdouh Salameh on April 07 2023 said:
    Gold is overwhelmingly used by Central banks as part of their reserve management. Central banks now hold more than 35,000 metric tons of gold or a fifth of all gold mined so far.

    China’s officially reported gold reserves now stand at 2,068 tons. Some sources say that China doesn’t report all its gold holdings. China’s gold holdings currently account for 5.91% of total Central banks’ holdings.

    As part of Central Banks’ reserves, gold has only symbolic value but it is still an asset easy to sell at times of need.. A case in point is that China’s gold holdings are valued currently at $132.4 bn or 0.44% of China’s GDP of $30 trillion in 2022 based on purchasing power parity (PPP). The entire Central Banks’ gold holdings of 35,000 tons amount to 7.45% of China’s GDP.

    But where gold matters is in the fast growing threat of the petro-yuan to the petrodollar. China has been accumulating an unprecedented amounts of gold in support of its crude oil futures contracts. It is setting up the moment in the near future when it will completely pull the rug from under the feet of the petrodollar.

    The petrodollar is backed by US treasuries so it can help fuel US deficit spending. Take that away and the US economy will be in trouble against rising outstanding debts already exceeding $30 trillion leading to a loss of value against other currencies. Contrast this with a petro-yuan convertible to gold. In a nutshell, China would be offering customers oil futures contracts payable either in petro-yuan or gold.

    Today the ratio of an ounce of gold to the dollar has moved to 1:$2000 from the gold standard ratio of 1:$35, a huge loss of the dollar purchasing power.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy ExpertoZ

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